Colonial revival style of homes was first introduced in Philadelphia in 1876. One of Portland’s best architectural gifts are the myriad of colonial homes that can be found throughout our city. B Stylized with shuttered windows, symetrical chimney’s, and perpendicular side wings. Spacious central halls, parlors and studies on one side and dining rooms with libraries on the other. B These homes were designed with all of the detail of their sister homes on the eastern seaboard built in the 1820’s. B Below is a picture of the James E. Wheeler house–built in 1910. This home is also on the National Register of Historic Homes.
Tudor homes in Portland were built at the turn of the century and continued into the 1930’s and took after the English Tudor Period (1485-1603), which rose again in the late 1860’s before heading across the Atlantic to American shores. B In Portland, the tudors are noted with steep gabled roofs and dormers and half timbered detail separating the second floor stucco. B Here is the Henry B. Miller home –built in 1911 located on NE 21st Avenue.
While seemingly out of place in our wetter weather and grayer days–our climate is rather moderate and in the early 1900’s seemed a perfect spot to expand our architectural proclivities to include those with a Mediterranean bent. B Beautiful arched windows, formal gardens, balustrades, ionic columns, tiled roofs and touches of cartouche over the doors…..all made their way to our city. B The Clariss Inman House, built in 1926, reclines at the top of Westover.
The Portland West Hills are chock full of these gracious homes which began making their mark in 1910. Marked with curved edges at the roof line, open porches, gabled dormers and arched entry ways are consistent throughout. Similar to Tudor homes, These English Cottages continue with the half timber and stucco combinations on the second (and above) floors.
Ahhh the Portland favorite and scattered throughout the town, Bungalows, Prairie and Craftsman style seem to be a bit confusing–and the differences are subtle. The Bungalow is marked with low pitched and widely extended eaves, multiple dormers, stone or rustic foundations, continuous rows of casement windows, expansive porches and simple trims. Do not be fooled by the title however, Bungalows can be huge in size! Take for example, the Fred a. Shogren house–built in 1906 and located in the Portland Heights Neighborhood.
Unlike Bungalows which can be symmetrical or not–Craftsman homes in Portland as typically all asymmetrical. Roofs continue to be steeply pitched and are finished on the exterior with shingle, stucco and foundations are stone or brick. Windows are also not symmetrical and are trimmed with simple casings or wide boards. The insides were finished with plaster and extensive amounts of finished wood trim. B Built in 1907 and having undergone many changes since then, the Charles J. Schnabel house is still at SW Park Place in the King Neighborhood.
Arts & Crafts
Typified by similar details as previous homes, the Arts and Crafts style dresses up a bit with by windows, leaded glass windows, carved interior beams and beamed ceilings. B These homes are grand, expansive and grace the Portland Heights, Irvington & Northwest hills neighborhoods. B The Dr. Frank Kistner house was built in 1930 and boasts a ‘butterfly’ layout–i.e. longer and curved layout/wings on both floors allowing each room to have 2 exterior walls for additional sunlight.
Photo’s from Wikkipedia Commons National Register of Historic Homes Portland Oregon. Notes written from William J. Hawkins III & William F. Willingham’s book Classic Houses of Portland Oregon 1850-1950.